Saturday, May 19, 2012

Remember the Alamo!

                                        
Remember the Alamo?  We won't forget it!  Living in San Antonio and teaching 4th Grade The Alamo is a must do for a field trip (not only do we study The Alamo but its free).  We also go the The Institute of Texan Cultures to learn even more about  early Texas and the people of the Texas regions.  With Budget cuts our field trip funds have really been cut back but we still managed to pull off an awesome trip!  I had 4 chaperones which was perfect since I only have 21 kids in my class.... we each had 4-5 kids.   

Here we are on the bus.  There are six 4th grade classes so we took 3 buses. Chaperones had to take their own cars.  Each student was ask to bring a clip board, pencil, lunch, snack, drinks, and backpack.  All the students carried their own stuff and the teachers had their own bag or backpack to carry our own lunches, student medicines (if necessary) and first aid kit.    To make sure the kids actually looked around and read plaques, signs, etc we made a scavenger hunt for them to complete.  A couple of years ago our fabulous team leader, Jane, went to the Alamo before our field trip and made the scavenger hunt. We've been using it ever since.   The kids get competitive and strategic trying to be the first group to complete the hunt.  
                                            


For those of you who don't study Texas history here is a brief explanation of the Alamo from The Alamo Website.


The Alamo was originally named Misión San Antonio de Valero and served as home to missionaries and their Indian converts for nearly seventy years. Construction began on the present site in 1724. In 1793, Spanish officials secularized San Antonio's five missions and distributed their lands to the remaining Indian residents. These men and women continued to farm the fields, once the mission's but now their own, and participated in the growing community of San Antonio.
In the early 1800s, the Spanish military stationed a cavalry unit at the former mission. The soldiers referred to the old mission as the Alamo (the Spanish word for "cottonwood") in honor of their hometown Alamo de Parras, Coahuila. The post's commander established the first recorded hospital in Texas in the Long Barrack. The Alamo was home to both Revolutionaries and Royalists during Mexico's ten-year struggle for independence. The military — Spanish, Rebel, and then Mexican — continued to occupy the Alamo until the Texas Revolution.
San Antonio and the Alamo played a critical role in the Texas Revolution. In December 1835, Ben Milam led Texian and Tejano volunteers against Mexican troops quartered in the city. After five days of house-to-house fighting, they forced General Martín Perfecto de Cós and his soldiers to surrender. The victorious volunteers then occupied the Alamo — already fortified prior to the battle by Cós' men — and strengthened its defenses.
On February 23, 1836, the arrival of General Antonio López de Santa Anna's army outside San Antonio nearly caught them by surprise. Undaunted, the Texians and Tejanos prepared to defend the Alamo together. The defenders held out for 13 days against Santa Anna's army. William B. Travis, the commander of the Alamo sent forth couriers carrying pleas for help to communities in Texas. On the eighth day of the siege, a band of 32 volunteers from Gonzales arrived, bringing the number of defenders to nearly two hundred. Legend holds that with the possibility of additional help fading, Colonel Travis drew a line on the ground and asked any man willing to stay and fight to step over — all except one did. As the defenders saw it, the Alamo was the key to the defense of Texas, and they were ready to give their lives rather than surrender their position to General Santa Anna. Among the Alamo's garrison were Jim Bowie, renowned knife fighter, and David Crockett, famed frontiersman and former congressman from Tennessee.
The final assault came before daybreak on the morning of March 6, 1836, as columns of Mexican soldiers emerged from the predawn darkness and headed for the Alamo's walls. Cannon and small arms fire from inside the Alamo beat back several attacks. Regrouping, the Mexicans scaled the walls and rushed into the compound. Once inside, they turned a captured cannon on the Long Barrack and church, blasting open the barricaded doors. The desperate struggle continued until the defenders were overwhelmed. By sunrise, the battle had ended and Santa Anna entered the Alamo compound to survey the scene of his victory.
While the facts surrounding the siege of the Alamo continue to be debated, there is no doubt about what the battle has come to symbolize. People worldwide continue to remember the Alamo as a heroic struggle against impossible odds — a place where men made the ultimate sacrifice for freedom. For this reason, the Alamo remains hallowed ground and the Shrine of Texas Liberty.  [source: http://thealamo.org/battle/battle.php]
I hope if you ever come to San Antonio, Texas for a visit you MUST stop at the Alamo.  It contains so much history and has so many artifacts that help you imagine you were there. Here are some resources we use when studying the battle of the Alamo:



6 comments:

  1. so cool, I would LOVE to see the Alamo!!

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  2. The Texas Revolution is definitely my students favorite part about Texas History... Love teaching about the Alamo.

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    1. Where do you teach in TX Lauren? We teach the Texas Revolution towards the end of the year now. I liked it better when we taught in mid year. The kids love it!

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  3. I'm a new follower of your blog! Just stopping by from the giveaway at A Teacher's Treasure!

    Joni @ Kinderkidsfun.blogspot.com

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